Walt Disney 12 Principles of Animation.


In the teaser trailer below for Kung Fu Panda 2, we see the anticipation technique being used when Po widens his eyes more and more while slowly flicking them from side to side. This give us a sense of anticipation and we want something to happen.

Arcs of motion.

We see the arcs of motion technique being used in the animation below. It has been used to make the animation more life like. When you jump in real life, you jump in arc, not in a simple straight line.


We see this technique being used in the scene below to show how shocked and excited the character is. By exaggerating the emotion, we know straight away what the character feels and thinks. This makes the animation more believable since we understand it very easily.


Timing is important as it can help establish the mood and atmosphere of an animation. In the scene below, we know that the monkey is sad because of how slow his movements are at the beginning of the clip, and how slow the music is. The animation then speeds up and the monkey knows that he has a chance the escape the prison. The fast movement and sound lets us know that there is a lot at stake for the monkey and over all, it alters the atmosphere of the entire animation.

Squash and Stretch.

In the animation shown below, the ball falls and bounces about. The squash and stretch technique is used to make the ball look more realistic and moveable, rather than static and solid. By squashing it, we know that the ball is bouncing and soft, not tough and robust.

Follow through and overlapping action.

We see this technique being used below in the hair on the second form of the figure. It follows the movement of the walking figure.


In this performance of When Will My Life Begin from Tangled, the main character of Rapunzel is in the centre of the screen for most of the song. This puts her in the main focus, and on the main part of “the stage”.

Solid Drawing.

This principle means that the drawing is more realistic and has the correct port portion, weight and space to it. The image below is a perfect example of a solid drawing.

Solid Drawing

Solid Drawing

Straight ahead and pose to pose.

The image below shows the two different animating techniques, straight ahead and pose to pose. Straight ahead is when every movement is drawn, and pose to pose is where the key frame are drawn then animated.

Straight ahead and pose to pose

Straight ahead and pose to pose

Secondary action.

The secondary action is what goes along with an action to back it up. In the animation below, we see that the tail flicks at the end of each swing. This adds to the effect of the movement and makes the motion more realistic.

Slow in and slow out.

The animation below shows us this technique being used. We see the animation being fast at the beginning, slow in the middle then fast at the end again.


For an animation to work, it has to have appeal. The characters have to be well developed and drawn appropriately. Johnny Bravo is a great example for an animation that has appeal. The character of Johnny is drawn appropriately. He is tall, big and drawn with my straight edges. Which the character is meant to be like.



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